Overview of the Specialty

Radiation Oncology is the branch of clinical medicine that utilizes ionizing radiation to treat patients with cancer, and occasionally with diseases other than cancer. Radiation oncologists are an integral part of the multidisciplinary management of the cancer patient and collaborate closely with physicians in related disciplines in the management of cancer patients.

At a Glance


  • 1 transitional/preliminary year
  • 4 years of residency
  • Categorical and advanced positions available

These are minimum requirements. Some programs may have longer residencies.


Currently, there is not a fellowship offered


Median, Academic Salary$417,000
Median, Clinical Salary$506,000

Source: Association of American Medical Colleges

Training Requirements

Training consists of a minimum of five years of postgraduate education. The first year of postgraduate clinical training must be spent in an accredited internal medicine, family practice, surgery, pediatrics, or transitional year program followed by four years of training in radiation oncology. There were 89 radiation oncology residency training programs accredited by the ACGME for 2014/15 that offered 193 categorical/advanced positions.

Matching Program Information and Match Statistics

Radiation oncology residency training programs participate in the NRMP. Match results through the NRMP and competitiveness information for radiation oncology residency training positions are summarized in the U.S. Match Statistics table below.

US Match Statistics





# Categorical/ Advanced positions available for U.S. Seniors193179183171
% U.S. Seniors Matched*96%94%94%85%
# Unfilled Categorical/ Advanced Positions7471
# Unmatched U.S. Seniors35513

Source: NRMP Match results for U.S. seniors applying in a single specialty. *Competitiveness is based upon the percentage of U.S. Seniors who ranked each specialty as their only choice.

WUSM Match Statistics

For a list of WUSM match statistics for the past several years, please visit Search for WUSM Statistics. (password protected)

Career Information

FREIDA physician workforce information for each specialty includes statistical information on the number of positions/programs for residency training, resident work hours, resident work environment and compensation, employment status upon completion of program and work environment for those entering practice in each specialty.

Visit AMA website »
Visit FREIDA website »

Washington University Resources

Faculty Contacts

Jeffrey D. Bradley, MD362-8502
Dennis E. Hallahan, MD362-9700
Stephanie Perkins, MD747-4405
Imran Zoberi, MD362-8610

National Organizations