Overview of the Specialty

Obstetrics and Gynecology is a diversified specialty concerned with the delivery of medical and surgical care to women. Relationships with patients are long-term and are often maintained through the postmenopausal stage of a patient’s life. This field combines two specialties: obstetrics, which focuses on the care of women before, during and after childbirth, and gynecology, which involves the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the female reproductive system. Obstetrician/gynecologists often serve as consultants to other physicians, but in many cases the obstetrician/gynecologist is a primary care physician with whom patients have regular contact and obtain medical advice and counseling.

At a Glance


  • 4 years of residency
  • Categorical and advanced positions available

These are minimum requirements. Some programs may have longer residencies.


Family Planning3 years
GYN Oncology3 years
Maternal-Fetal Medicine3 years
Reproductive Endocrinology3 years
Urogynecology3 years
Pediatric/Adolescent GYN1-2 years


Median, Academic Salary$274,000
Median, Clinical Salary$309,000

Source: Association of American Medical Colleges

Training Requirements

Training consists of a minimum of four years of ACGME-accredited clinically oriented graduate medical education of which three years must be focused in reproductive health care and ambulatory primary health care for women including health maintenance, disease prevention, diagnosis, treatment, consultation and referral. There were 243 obstetrics/gynecology residency training programs accredited by the ACGME for 2014/15 that offered 1,255 categorical positions.

Matching Program Information and Match Statistics

Obstetrics and Gynecology residency training programs participate in the National Resident Matching Program (NRMP). Match results through the NRMP and competitiveness information for obstetrics and gynecology residency training positions are summarized in the U.S. Match Statistics table below.

US Match Statistics





# Categorical/ Advanced positions available for U.S. Seniors1255124212591240
% U.S. Seniors matched*91%93%92%96%
# Unfilled Categorical/ Advanced Positions081117
# Unmatched U.S. seniors87677432

Source: NRMP Match results for U.S. seniors applying in a single specialty. *Competitiveness is based upon the percentage of U.S. Seniors who ranked each specialty as their only choice.

WUSM Match Statistics

For a list of WUSM match statistics for the past several years, please visit Search for WUSM Statistics. (password protected)

Subspecialty/Fellowship Training

Subspecialty/fellowship training following completion of an obstetrics and gynecology residency training program is available in reproductive endocrinology, gynecologic oncology, maternal-fetal medicine, urogynecology and family planning. Detailed information about the scope of these subspecialty training programs, number of positions offered, and length of training is available at the FREIDA website.

Visit AMA website »
Visit FREIDA website »

Career Information

FREIDA physician workforce information for each specialty includes statistical information on the number of positions/programs for residency training, resident work hours, resident work environment and compensation, employment status upon completion of program and work environment for those entering practice in each specialty.

Washington University Resources

Faculty Contacts

Alison Cahill, MD747-1380
Diane Merritt, MD747-1510
Camaryn Chrisman Robbins, MD362-4591
Amber Cooper, MD286-2417
Anthony Shanks, MD362-1016
Tammy Sonn, MD362-4591
L. Stewart Massad, MD362-2288
Eric Strand, MD362-4591
George Macones, MD362-7139
Jeffrey Peipert, MD747-6576

National Organizations