Overview of the Specialty

Urology is the medical and surgical specialty involving disorders of the male genitourinary tract, female urinary tract, and the adrenal gland. Urologists see patients with kidney, ureter, bladder, prostate, urethra and male genital structure disorders and injuries. They also investigate and treat infertility and male sexual dysfunction.

At a Glance


  • 5 years of residency
  • Includes general surgery internship year

These are minimum requirements. Some programs may have longer residencies.


Pediatric Urology1 year


Median, Academic Salary$385,000
Median, Clinical Salary$422,000

Source: Association of American Medical Colleges

Training Requirements

Training consists of a minimum of five years of postgraduate education including one-two years in an ACGME-accredited general surgery training program and three-four years in a urology training program. There were 126 urology residency training positions accredited by the ACGME for 2014/15 that offered 296 categorical positions.

Matching Program Information and Match Statistics

Urology residency training programs participate in the American Urological Association (AUA) Match. Match results through the AUA and competitiveness information for urology residency training positions are summarized in the U.S. Match Statistics table below. The urology matching process is one of the “early match” programs: the matching process is generally completed in late January (about six weeks prior to the NRMP).

US Match Statistics





# Categorical positions available for U.S. Seniors296285279278
% U.S. Seniors matched77%68%69%77%
# Unfilled Categorical Positions1004
# Unmatched U.S. seniors7713112275

Source: American Urological Association (AUA). *Competitiveness is based upon the percentage of U.S. Seniors who ranked each specialty as their only choice.

WUSM Match Statistics

For a list of WUSM match statistics for the past several years, please visit Search for WUSM Statistics. (password protected)

Subspecialty/Fellowship Training

Subspecialty/fellowship training following completion of a urology residency training program is available in pediatric urology. Detailed information about the scope of these subspecialty training programs, number of positions offered, and length of training is available at the FREIDA website.

Visit AMA website »
Visit FREIDA website »

Career Information

FREIDA physician workforce information for each specialty includes statistical information on the number of positions/programs for residency training, resident work hours, resident work environment and compensation, employment status upon completion of program and work environment for those entering practice in each specialty.

Washington University Resources

Faculty Contacts

Faculty Contacts:  Division of Urologic Surgery
Robert S. Figenshau, MD454-2235

National Organizations