Length of Residencies

The various types of residencies are listed below. These are unofficial assignments derived from published materials and are offered only for information. Many specialties offer advanced fellowship training after residency (typically one to three years). Consult the current AMA Graduate Medical Education Directory (the Green Book) for the official requirements and required length of advanced training.

Specialty

Length of Training*

Anesthesiology 3 years plus PGY-1 Transitional/Preliminary
Dermatology 3 years plus PGY-1 Transitional/Preliminary
Emergency Medicine 3-4 years
Family Practice 3 years
General Surgery 5 years
Internal Medicine 3 years
Neurology 3 years plus PGY-1 Transitional/Preliminary
Neurosurgery 7 years
Obstetrics/Gynecology 4 years
Ophthalmology 3 years plus PGY-1 Transitional/Preliminary
Orthopedic Surgery 5 years (includes one year of general surgery)
Otolaryngology 5 years
Pathology 4 years
Pediatrics 3 years
Physical Medicine 3-4 years
Plastic Surgery 6 years
Psychiatry 4 years
Radiation Oncology 4 years plus PGY-1 Transitional/Preliminary
Radiology, Diagnostic 4 years plus PGY-1 Transitional/Preliminary
Transitional/Preliminary 1 year
Urology 5 years (includes one year of general surgery)

*Minimum number of years of postgraduate training for eligibility for board certification