Overview of the Specialty

Pediatrics is the specialty primarily concerned with the physical, emotional and social health of children from birth to young adulthood. The field encompasses preventive health as well as diagnosis and treatment of both acute and chronic diseases.

At a Glance


  • 3 years of residency
  • Categorical positions available

These are minimum requirements. Some programs may have longer residencies.


Subspecialty Length
Adolescent Medicine 3 years
Allergy & Immunology 2 years
Cardiology 3 years
Child & Adolescent Psychiatry 2 years
Critical Care Medicine 3 years
Endocrinology 3 years
Gastroenterology 3 years
Hematology & Oncology 3 years
Infectious Diseases 3 years
Medical Genetics 2-4 years
Neonatal Perinatal Medicine 3 years
Nephrology 3 years
Pediatric Emergency Medicine 3 years
Pulmonary Disease 3 years
Rheumatology 3 years


Median, Academic Salary $182,000
Median, Clinical Salary $220,000

Source: Association of American Medical Colleges

Training Requirements

Training consists of a minimum of three years of postgraduate education. There were 199 pediatric residency training programs accredited by the ACGME for 2014/15 that offered 2,668 categorical positions.

Matching Program Information and Match Statistics

Pediatrics residency training programs participate in the NRMP. Match results through the NRMP and competitiveness information for pediatrics residency training positions are summarized in the U.S. Match Statistics table below.

US Match Statistics





Competitiveness* Low Low Low Low
# Categorical positions available for U.S. Seniors 2668 2640 2616 2475
% U.S. Seniors Matched* 97% 97% 98% 98%
# Unfilled Categorical Positions 7 13 10 32
# Unmatched U.S. Seniors 57 54 43 25

Source: NRMP Match results for U.S. seniors applying in a single specialty. *Competitiveness is based upon the percentage of U.S. Seniors who ranked each specialty as their only choice.

WUSM Match Statistics

For a list of WUSM match statistics for the past several years, please visit Search for WUSM Statistics. (password protected)

Subspecialty/Fellowship Training

Subspecialty/fellowship training following completion of a pediatrics residency training program is available in many subspecialties: adolescent medicine, neonatal/perinatal medicine, pediatric cardiology, pediatric critical care medicine, pediatric endocrinology, pediatric gastroenterology, pediatric hematology/oncology, pediatric infectious diseases, pediatric nephrology, pediatric pulmonology and pediatric rheumatology. Detailed information about the scope of these subspecialty training programs, number of positions offered, and length of training is available at the FREIDA website.

Visit AMA website »
Visit FREIDA website »

Career Information

FREIDA physician workforce information for each specialty includes statistical information on the number of positions/programs for residency training, resident work hours, resident work environment and compensation, employment status upon completion of program and work environment for those entering practice in each specialty.

Washington University Resources

Faculty Contacts

Middy Estabrook, MD 454-6299
Lisa Moscoso, PhD, MD 454-6299
Alan Schwartz, PhD, MD 454-6005
Colleen Wallace, MD 454-6299
Andrew White, MD 454-6006

National Organizations