Length of Residencies
 
The various types of residencies are listed below. These are unofficial assignments derived from published materials and are offered only for information. Many specialties offer advanced fellowship training after residency (typically one to three years). Consult the current AMA Graduate Medical Education Directory (the Green Book) for the official requirements and required length of advanced training.

Specialty

Length of Training (Minimum number of years of postgraduate training for eligibility for board certification)

Emergency Medicine

3-4 years

Family Practice

3 years

Internal Medicine

3 years

Pediatrics

3 years

Obstetrics-Gynecology

4 years

Pathology

4 years

Psychiatry

4 years

General Surgery

5 years

Neurological Surgery

6 years (includes 1 year of general surgery)

Orthopedic Surgery

5 years (includes 1 year of general surgery)

Otolaryngology

5 years

Urology

5 years (includes 1 year of general surgery)

Plastic Surgery

6 years

Anesthesiology

3 years plus PGY-1 Transitional/Preliminary

Dermatology

3 years plus PGY-1 Transitional/Preliminary

Neurology

3 years plus PGY-1 Transitional/Preliminary

Ophthalmology

3 years plus PGY-1 Transitional/Preliminary

Physical Medicine

3-4 years

Diagnostic Radiology

4 years plus PGY-1 Transitional/Preliminary

Radiation Oncology

4 years plus PGY-1 Transitional/Preliminary

Transitional/Preliminary

1 year